The large numbers of people using public transport and being close together in confined spaces make hygiene and infection prevention major priorities for operators. People travelling on buses, trains, planes and ferries have to stand or sit close together for long periods, putting them at risk of infection from others via contaminated surfaces or airborne transmission.
Public transport passengers can come into contact with multiple surfaces that others touch in places such as where they buy tickets, wait to board, use facilities in a transport hub, move in and out of vehicles and touch railings, grab handles, seats and tables during travel.
Surfaces are also routes of infection from the larger respiratory droplets that quickly fall out of the air and contaminate surfaces near the infected person. Passengers and staff have to share the air in the confined spaces inside vehicles, potentially exchanging respiratory aerosols containing virus particles. These stay afloat – travelling in air currents inside enclosed spaces – and reach people many metres away. Due to their small size they can enter deep into the lungs and potentially infect tissue there. Measures to protect passengers from COVID-19 will also be effective in reducing risks from other diseases such as colds, flu, norovirus and a range of bacterial infections.
There are other risks that are still present during the pandemic, but are sometimes forgotten. Pests including rodents, flies, biting insects and birds are vectors for many diseases – transmitted in filth on their bodies, droppings, nesting material and bites – and can cause physical damage to buildings and fittings.
It’s essential for transport operators to take suitable measures to protect the health of both staff and passengers in all areas of the transportation network and so limit infections spreading to the wider population. As increasing numbers of people return to work, the passenger numbers will increase, too. Both passengers and staff need reassurance that they’re safe from infection.
Here are three areas where transportation companies can take action to protect passengers and staff.
When there’s a direct risk of infection from the coronavirus, which is currently the situation in most countries, there’s a need to regularly disinfect vehicles and premises. Coronavirus remains viable on surfaces from several hours to three days, depending on the material and environmental conditions.
Specialist disinfection service providers have the training and equipment to ensure the safety of the operators and the public and provide a higher level of treatment. Different levels of disinfection and precautions will be needed depending on the severity of the risk.
The large, transient human population needs feeding, which places large amounts of food and food waste in easy reach. People also carry food around and discard it where pests can easily access it. We humans are a source of food for biting insects. Some of these fly and others are human and pest ectoparasites that crawl onto their hosts from seating or find shelter and transport in luggage.
The list of pests is longer than you think!
Pests are an ongoing, complex problem for transportation operators, requiring integrated pest management solutions to prevent and detect infestations and damage. During a lockdown, however, when fewer people have been travelling and staff numbers have been reduced, pests can take advantage of a lack of disturbance. In this case, targeted recovery pest services will be needed to deal with specific problems.
Pest and hygiene risks come in all shapes and sizes – from microscopic viruses up to rats and seagulls. They can affect all types of public transport, including trains, buses, aircraft and ferries, the stations and terminals and all parts of the transportation infrastructure.
Both pest control and a full range of hygiene measures are critical for protecting the health and wellbeing of staff and passengers, as well as preventing buildings and equipment from being damaged. Rentokil Initial’s disinfection, hygiene and pest control solutions provide transport operators with effective ways to reduce the risks of infection and prevent and eradicate pest problems with industry-leading products and services.
A range of services to help protect your employees and business in this new COVID-19 world.