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Common Cockroach Species

There are over 4,000 different species of cockroaches, which only about 40 species are considered pests while others are beneficial in their natural environment.

In Hong Kong, German cockroach and American cockroach are commonly found. Knowing more about cockroach life cycle and habits can help us identify the most effective cockroach control methods.

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German Cockroach

(Blatella germanica)

German cockroach


  • Adult is 10 – 15 mm in length.
  • Pronotum (head shield) has 2 dark longitude stripes.
  • Male is light yellowish brown in colour with longer tongue shaped body.
  • Female is darker in colour with plump abdomen.


  • Female produces 4 – 9 oothecae (egg case), each oothecae contain 37 – 44 eggs.
  • Nymphs take 30 – 60 days to mature into adults.
  • Adult life cycle is more than 100 days.


  • Major pest in restaurants, hotels and apartments.
  • Prefers dark and secluded areas to harbourage such as under the cupboard and behind a refrigerator.


American Cockroach

(Periplaneta americana)

American cockroach


  • Adult is 35 – 40 mm in length, one of the largest pest cockroaches.
  • Shining red to chocolate brown in colour.


  • Female produces 10 – 90 oothecae (egg case), each oothecae contain 14 – 28 eggs.
  • Nymphs take 150 days to develop into adults.
  • Adult life cycle is 100 days to 3 years.


  • Prefers warm and humid environment such as drains and sewers.


Oriental Cockroach

(Blatta orientalis)

Oriental Cockroach


  • 25 – 30 mm long.
  • Dark brown to black in colour.
  • The wings undeveloped in female and cover ¾ length of the abdomen in the male.
  • Runs rather than flies.


  • Females deposit 16 eggs in an ootheca (egg case).
  • Hatch in 2 months.
  • Nymphs take 5 – 9 months to develop into adults.


  • Buildings. Can tolerate lower temperatures than other cockroaches so can also be found outdoors, on rubbish tips etc.
  • Nocturnal.
  • Omnivorous.


Brown Banded Cockroach

(Supella longipalpa)

Brown banded cockroach


  • Adult is 10–14 mm in length, one of the smallest pest cockroaches.
  • Yellow-brown stripes across the abdomen.


  • Female produces up to 13 oothecae (egg case), each oothecae contain 16 eggs.
  • Nymphs take 55 days to develop into adults.
  • In ideal temperature conditions (30°c), adult lives 90 – 115 days.


  • Prefers warm and humid environments such as drains and sewers.


Australian Cockroach

(Periplaneta australasiae)

Australian cockroach


  • Adult is 27 – 33 mm in length.
  • Brown in colour with lateral pale yellow stripe on its forewing.


  • Female produces up to 12 oothecae (egg case), each oothecae contain 24 eggs.
  • Nymphs take 200 days to develop into adults.
  • Adult lives 120 – 180 days.


  • Commonly found in homes and around perimeter of buildings.


How to properly treat cockroach infestation in Hong Kong?

If you have identified a sign of cockroaches in your home or business, a professional cockroach control exterminator can provide an effective solution for this unwanted pest. Professionals know the best control solutions to combat cockroach infestations and help reduce the risk of re-infestation. 

Our treatment includes:

  • Cockroach inspection & monitoring
  • Effective & chemical-free cockroach baiting stations (100% child & pet friendly)
  • Cockroach insecticide dust
  • Cockroach insecticide spray

Fear of cockroaches invading your home from the drain? Prevent and stop cockroaches from entering your home through your plumbing with our Green Drain™ Drainage Trap Seal & Pest Prevention Solution.

To know more about our solutions, please see how Rentokil's cockroach treatment works.


Cockroach Control Service

Over 50 years of experience protecting Hong Kong homes and businesses from cockroaches

  • Safe, effective, environmentally-friendly pest control
  • A broad range of cockroach management options to suit your home and business needs
  • With local, accredited pest controllers, we provide a rapid-response service across Hong Kong
Find out more

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