Mosquito Species

There are many species of mosquitoes, and over 200 of them can be found in the United States. Not only are their bites irritating, but these bites can also carry dangerous diseases.

Read more about the life cycles and habits of common mosquitoes in the U.S.

Anopheles Mosquito

(Anopheles quadrimaculatus)

The Anopheles mosquito is responsible for transmitting malaria.

Anopheles Mosquito

Appearance

  • Adults: pale with dark marks on the wings
  • Larvae: rest parallel to the surface of the water
  • Eggs: About 1mm long and has floats on the sides

Life Cycle

  • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days
  • Complete metamorphosis: egg, larva, pupa and adult

Habits

  • Habitat – prefer clean and unpolluted water
  • Biting rhythm – bite at night and rest during the day
  • Prefer darker colors
  • Females can lay 50 – 150 eggs from one blood meal

Aedes Mosquitoes

(Aedes aegypti)

The bites from an Aedes mosquito peak at the change of light intensity (after sunrise and before sunset).

Aedes mosquito

Appearance

  • Adults: black and white markings
  • Larvae: rest 45 degrees from the surface of the water
  • Eggs: black in color and shaped like a football

Life Cycle

  • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 8 days.
  • Complete metamorphosis: egg, larval, pupa and adult.

Habits

  • Habitat – container breeder especially man-made containers with clean water.
  • Prefer darker colors like black and red.
  • Can fly short distance (50 – 100m).

Culex Mosquito

(Culex tritaeniorhynchus)

Culex mosquitoes are the main vector for Japanese B – Encephalitis

Culex Mosquito

Appearance

  • Adults: dull in color and covered with brown scales 
  • Larvae rest 45 degrees from the surface of the water
  • Eggs: brown, long and cylindrical, cemented in a raft of 300 eggs positioned vertically on water surface

Life Cycle

  • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days
  • Complete metamorphosis: egg, larva, pupa and adult

Habits

  • Habitat – mainly breed in polluted stagnant water and drains
  • Biting rhythm – bite at night and usually rest indoors before and after the blood meal
  • Prefer darker colors.
  • Long distance fliers

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